Tuesday, February 28, 2017

Literature Review #1


For this first Literature Review I am reviewing this book: The Influence of Fraternity and Sorority Involvement


Full Citation: 

Biddix, J. Patrick, Matney, Malinda M., and Norman, Eric M., eds. J-B ASHE Higher Education Report Series (AEHE) Ser. : The Influence of Fraternity and Sorority Involvement : A Critical Analysis of Research (1996-2013) (1). Somerset, US: Jossey-Bass, 2014. ProQuest ebrary. Web. 27 February 2017.

Summary: 

This monograph explains that despite negative connotations and empirical evidence to support detrimental aspects of fraternity and sorority membership, decades of nationally representative data show students remain interested in joining. The information provided reconsiders the value of membership, based on scholarly research published since 1996 in several ways. It identifies behavioral, psychological and educational outcomes of fraternity/sorority involvement. Shows differentiating outcomes between and among organization. Additionally, it recommends implications for policy and practice based on research. The findings revealed an unexpected amount of scholarly research interest on fraternity and sorority involvement, and membership correlates in the last two decades from a variety of disciplines.  Most importantly, despite a disproportionate focus on behavioral correlates, such as alcohol use, hazing and sexual assault, researchers in the past decade have slowly added psychosocial and educational considerations, building toward a more well-rounded understanding of outcomes related to involvement in Greek Life. 

Authors: 

J. Patrick Biddix, PhD, is an associate professor of Higher Education and coordinator of the College Student Personnel Program at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville.
Malinda M, Matney, PhD, is a senior research associate for Student Life and lecturer in the Center for the Study of Higher and Postsecondary Education at the University of Michigan.
Eric M. Norman, EdD, is the dean of students at Indiana University–Purdue University Fort Wayne and a limited-term lecturer in the College of Engineering, where he teaches organizational leadership development.
Geogianna L. Martin, PhD, is an assistant professor of Higher Education and Student Affairs Administration at the University of Southern Mississippi.
Key Terms: 
1. The first key topic I will focus on from this resource is the chapter on the educational effects Greek Life has on undergrad students. This chapter discusses that involvement in Greek Life makes students more likely to stay in school and graduate as opposed to the nonaffiliated students. 
2. The second key topic I will discuss from this resource is the chapter on the psychosocial effects that Greek Life involvement has on undergraduate women. 
Quotes:
"Other research about fraternity and sorority leaders suggests high scores, particularly among women, on a broad domains of leadership as evidenced by the Student Leadership Inventory" (80). 
"As members attended more functions, their sense of belonging grew, but with no change on morale. The more an individual went out socially with other members, the greater her feelings of both morale and belonging" (93). 
"Consistently, membership in a fraternity or a sorority has been found to be positively associated with college persistence. For example, fraternity/sorority membership increased the odds of college graduation by 370% compared to nonaffiliated students" (106).  
Value: 
This resource is valuable in several different ways regarding my research question. First off all, it shows evidence about positive educational effects from involvement in Greek Life, which is one of the most controversial issues regarding Greek Life involvement. It explains how women who are involvement in Greek Life are more likely to become better leaders. Additionally, it examines psychosocial effects Greek Life involvement has. For example, women involved feel higher morale and sense of belonging, which in its-self has a multitude of positive side effects. Aside of being in conversation with the controversy my research question takes on, this resource also adds to my argument. 

Friday, February 24, 2017

Research Blog #3 - Three Academic Sources

After some thinking about my project, I decided to go ahead with my second idea about the benefits and the positive side that comes along with being involved in Greek Life in college. The reason I decided to go with his topic is because it is a little more controversial than my other topic idea. There are many different voices and opinions when it comes to this topic, which in my opinion will make for a more interesting paper. I have looked into the Rutgers Libraries databases for information regarding the topic and there is a lot of available. So far here is what i've found. 

Academic Sources: 

1. UNCHALLENGED, PROFESSED CORE VALUES: Do Undergraduate Fraternity/Sorority Members Actually Benefit in the Areas of Scholarship, Leadership, Service, and Friendship?

This source has been very helpful to me thus far. Overall goes along with the idea I am trying to prove in my project. Rather than focusing on partying and drinking, this source investigates the other side of Greek Life. It explains how women are empowered to take on leadership roles, get involved in philanthropic activities, and additionally how it even raises self-esteem. 

2. USING COST-BENEFIT ANALYSIS FOR FRATERNITY AND SORORITY AFFAIRS ASSESSMENT: CREATING A BUSINESS CASE FOR STUDENT SUCCESS IN FRATERNAL ORGANIZATIONS.

This source is another source that seems like it will be very useful to my project. This source has a very clear-cut tone. It clearly shows how students involved in Greek Life organizations can use it in a way to create success for themselves in the future in regards to internships and career.

3. STUDENT LEARNING IN FRATERNITIES AND SORORITIES: USING NSSE DATA TO DESCRIBE MEMBERS' PARTICIPATION IN EDUCATIONALLY MEANINGFUL ACTIVITIES IN COLLEGE.

This source concentrates on the idea that being involved in Greek Life can actually help students succeed in school. Not only does Greek Life get students to study more at times, but it motivates students to actually care more about their work and that of others. 

Tuesday, February 14, 2017

Research Blog #2 - Scouting the Territory

After doing some research on my two topic ideas I feel that I am leaning towards the topic of having a part-time job in college. Although I am still not positive which topic I am going with, the reason I feel as though I am leaning towards one more than the other is the amount of research available. There seems to be a lot more about part-time work and the effects of having one in college than the benefits of being involved in Greek Life on campus. I can relate to both topics, and both are very interesting to me, it's just a matter of which one will make for a better paper. 

I did a search on the Rutgers Libraries and I found a lot of great articles pertaining to the part-time work topic. There are many different studies that have been done on students about the effects of having a part-time job in college. In addition to the research online, I think I can make some interesting connections to some of the readings we have done already in class. 

Based on what's available online I feel like I can make a good connection between part-time work and student debt. 

As for specific sources I have gathered a list of several scholarly articles I can use to make arguments in my paper. There are a lot of resources on the Rutgers Libraries Databases. 

I came across a few controversial articles related to my topic. Some articles argue that having a part-time job in college can be beneficial, but I would like to argue that having to work in college takes away from the overall college experience.

Wednesday, February 8, 2017

Research Blog #1: Initial Topic Idea

For my final paper, I am considering the following topics: 


- The effects of having a part-time job while being a full-time student 


- The positive effects Greek Life has on a student experience 


I am deciding between one of these two topics. I can relate to both topics considering I have a part-time job and I am involved in Greek Life on campus. I think both topics will be interesting to research considering they are personally relatable.