Monday, March 27, 2017

Literature Review #3

For the third Literature Review I will review the article:
Going Greek: Academics, Personal Change, and Life after College. 


Full Citation - 

Routon, Wesley, and Jay Walker. “Going Greek: Academics, Personal Change, and Life after College.”Change: The Magazine of Higher Learning , vol. 48, no. 1, 7 Mar. 2016, pp. 60–66., Accessed 7 Mar. 2017.

Summary - 

This article brings up a lot of very interesting points about the postive affects of "Going Greek" in college. Some of these positive affects include:

- Greek members are more involved on campus and have higher post-graduation wages and more graduate-school attendance than non-affiliated students.
- Greek-letter membership also correlates with increased retention and a shorter time to graduation, although it does not have a sizable impact on GPA.
- Students who were more involved in high school often join Greek organizations. On campus, fraternity and sorority membership leads to greater campus involvement, even after controlling for student background
- Members' opinions change as they begin to identify with the group.
- Social Greek-letter organizations, more commonly known as fraternities (male-only) and sororities (female-only), are a longstanding tradition at colleges and universities in the United States. They claim to instill leadership skills in and offer a support network for members.

The article goes on to discuss the research behind these claims. 

Authors - 

Wesley Routon 

Dr. P. Wesley (Wes) Routon is an applied microeconomist with broad research interests, though much of his work falls within labor and education economics. He is particularly interested in post-secondary student outcomes as well as military and veteran personnel. His research has been published in such journals as Eastern Economic Journal and Education Finance and Policy.

Routon has been teaching economics since 2009 and has taught at Georgia Gwinnett College since 2014. He enjoys teaching because it is fun and challenging, and he believes everyone can benefit from the economic way of thinking. Having taken courses at over seven different institutions and studied abroad in both Belgium and Brazil, above all he strives to encourage his students to seek new ideas in as many places as possible. His current courses include Principles of Microeconomics and Introduction to Economics.

Jay Walker 

Jay Walker is one of America’s best-known business inventors and entrepreneurs. He has founded multiple successful start-up companies across various industries that today serve tens of millions of customers each, the most recognizable being Priceline and Synapse Group. He currently serves as Chairman & CEO of Upside Travel, Executive Chairman of Walker Innovation, Curator of TEDMED and Chairman of Walker Digital, amongst additional roles at other entities.


Key Terms - 

- Students who go Greek in college have a a higher graduation rate than students who do not. 

- Females who go Greek report that they develop skills in leadership, public-speaking and interperosnal skills. The development of these skills sprouts from Greek Life involvement, and had they not been involved they would not be as developed. 

Quotes - 

"Sorority members believe more often than their non-affiliated peers that their leadership abilities, public-speaking skills, and interpersonal skills have grown stronger but that their general knowledge and knowledge of different ethnicities/cultures has not kept up with those of female non-Greek graduates."

"Greeks of both genders are much more likely (there is upwards of an 11 percentage point increase in probability) to marry someone with a college degree, and they are approximately 6 percentage points more likely to eventually earn a graduate degree, compared to non-Greek graduates."

Value - 


This article helps my research project in several different ways. It discusses various benefits undergraduates involved in Greek Life receive. For example, benefits in scholarship, leadership, service, friendship, etc. The basis of my project is to explain why the positive effects of Greek Life involvement as an undergrad outweigh the negative effects that are more often portrayed in the media and news. What is most important about this article and that will really help to advance my project is the amount of statistical evidence that is offers. It's easy for people to say that Greek Life has great benefits, but this article actually proves it. 



Research Blog #5

Bibliography with 5 scholarly sources:

Biddix, J. Patrick, Matney, Malinda M., and Norman, Eric M., eds. J-B ASHE Higher Education Report Series (AEHE) Ser. : The Influence of Fraternity and Sorority Involvement : A Critical Analysis of Research (1996-2013) (1). Somerset, US: Jossey-Bass, 2014. ProQuest ebrary. Web. 27 February 2017.


Long, L. D. (2012). Unchallenged, professed core values: Do undergraduate fraternity/sorority members actually benefit in the areas of scholarship, leadership, service, and friendship? College Student Affairs Journal, 30(2), 15-30.



Pike, Gary R. "The Influence of Fraternity or Sorority Membership on Students' College Experiences and Cognitive Development." Research in Higher Education, vol. 41, no. 1, 01 Feb. 2000, pp. 117-39. EBSCOhost, login.proxy.libraries.rutgers.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eric&AN=EJ601740&site=eds-live.


Routon, Wesley, and Jay Walker. “Going Greek: Academics, Personal Change, and Life after College.”Change: The Magazine of Higher Learning , vol. 48, no. 1, 7 Mar. 2016, pp. 60–66., Accessed 7 Mar. 2017.

Routon, P. Wesley and Jay K. Walker. "The Impact of Greek Organization Membership on Collegiate Outcomes: Evidence from a National Survey." Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics, vol. 49, 01 Apr. 2014, pp. 63-70. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1016/j.socec.2014.02.003.


Research Blog #4

Francesca Pucciarelli
Research Proposal Rough Draft

1)   Working Title –

Sororities: Sending Women Down the Wrong Path or launching them Towards Success?

2)   Topic –

The general topic I will discuss in my research paper is the effect being involved in Greek Life has on women during their undergrad years at college. More specifically, I want to show that contrary to popular belief, being in a sorority can actually be extremely beneficial to women.  There is definitely a lot of controversy regarding this topic. Greek Life is often demonized in the media for issues such as hazing and undergrad drinking, but what is not publicized, as often are all the positive aspects. Some of the benefits I will go more into detail are: philanthropic opportunities, leadership potential and growth, graduate rates/retention in school, self-esteem, higher GPA, career networking, etc. This topic is extremely relevant and important now more than ever because of all the recent bad publicity Greek Life has received in the media. I think it is important to realize all the amazing things young women involved in Greek Life accomplish during their college careers rather than solely harping on the negative side effects that are often recognized.

3)   Research Question –

Are the positive side effects of involvement in Greek Life women experience during their time as undergraduate students at four-year universities enough to weigh out the negative side effects that the media typically publicizes?

4)    Theoretical Frame or Approach –

From the research I have gathered thus far there is a lot of information that will be useful to my research question. Many case studies have been done to show the differences among students who are affiliated with Greek Life and students that are not. The frame that I will analyze this research comes from the point I am trying to make based on my question. Often Greek Life is demonized in the public eye, but there is research that shows that there is indeed positive affects that correlate with Greek Life involvement.

5)   Case, Additional Questions, and Research Plan –

One specific claim I have come across that illustrates the positive affects of Greek Life involvement during undergrad is that students are more inclined to graduated when they are affiliated. This is because affiliated students feel a sense of belonging that non-affiliated students tend to lack. I would like to expand upon this idea throughout my paper. How does this one element change how the entire college experience is viewed between the two different groups of students?

6)   Working Bibliography –

Long, L. D. (2012). Unchallenged, professed core values: Do undergraduate fraternity/sorority members actually benefit in the areas of scholarship, leadership, service, and friendship? College Student Affairs Journal, 30(2), 15-30.

Biddix, J. Patrick, Matney, Malinda M., and Norman, Eric M., eds. J-B ASHE Higher Education Report Series (AEHE) Ser. : The Influence of Fraternity and Sorority Involvement : A Critical Analysis of Research (1996-2013) (1). Somerset, US: Jossey-Bass, 2014. ProQuest ebrary. Web. 27 February 2017.

Pike, Gary R. "The Influence of Fraternity or Sorority Membership on Students' College Experiences and Cognitive Development." Research in Higher Education, vol. 41, no. 1, 01 Feb. 2000, pp. 117-39. EBSCOhost, login.proxy.libraries.rutgers.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eric&AN=EJ601740&site=eds-live.

Routon, Wesley, and Jay Walker. “Going Greek: Academics, Personal Change, and Life after College.”Change: The Magazine of Higher Learning , vol. 48, no. 1, 7 Mar. 2016, pp. 60–66., Accessed 7 Mar. 2017.

Routon, P. Wesley and Jay K. Walker. "The Impact of Greek Organization Membership on Collegiate Outcomes: Evidence from a National Survey." Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics, vol. 49, 01 Apr. 2014, pp. 63-70. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1016/j.socec.2014.02.003.


Tuesday, March 7, 2017

Literature Review #2

For my second Literature Review I am reviewing the article: Unchallenged, Professed Core Values: Do Undergraduate Fraternity/Sorority Members Actually Benefit in the Areas of Scholarship, Leadership, Service and Friendship? 



Full Citation: 

Long, L. D. (2012). Unchallenged, professed core values: Do undergraduate fraternity/sorority members actually benefit in the areas of scholarship, leadership, service, and friendship? College Student Affairs Journal, 30(2), 15-30.

Summary:

Fraternities and sororities promote the ideals of scholarship, leadership, service, and friendship. Little or no research, however, has demonstrated that college students who join fraternal organizations actually grow in these areas as a result of their fraternal experience. The purpose of this descriptive study was to assess the extent to which fraternity and sorority members experienced gains in the four outcome areas. The researcher analyzed the aggregate results of 15 Southeastern institutions that administered the AFA/EBI Fraternity/Sorority Assessment during the 2008/2009 academic year. The results revealed the respondents did experience gains related to the espoused values of scholarship, leadership, service, and friendship. Recommendations for improving the experiences of fraternity and sorority members include encouraging members to spend more time preparing for class and developing the study skills and career-related abilities of members.

Author:

Larry D. Long is a Management Analyst at Michigan State University. Larry earned graduate degrees in Student Affairs Administration, Educational Psychology, and Sociology from Ball State University and undergraduate degrees in Modern Languages and Physical Sciences from Kansas State University. Larry's research interests pertain to fraternity/sorority life, residence life, academic integrity, and student development. 

Key Terms: 

One of the main take aways from this article that will be useful to my research project is the large amount of statistical evidence provided. There are not many studies out there like this one, but this article offers so much to work with. 

I would also like to focus heavily on information about scholarship and leadership that this article reveals. 

Quotes: 

"In terms of student learning, a consistent body of research has shown fraternity/sorority membership has a positive, but modest impact on the personal gains of college students. In the study by Hayek et al. (2002), the researchers found fraternity/sorority membership was associated with personal-social gains, educational gains, and pratical competence gains" (16 Long). 

"Studies that focused on first-year students and seniors found fraternity and sorority members tended to be engaged in service activities than their non-affiliated peers" (18 Long). 

"Overall, the respondents rated their fraternity/sorority experience as excellent in producing gains in their sense of belonging and peer interaction. Their fraternity/sorority involvement was good at developing their study skills, critical thinking, commitment to service, management skills, and career skills (21 Long). 

Value: 

This article helps my research project in several different ways. It discusses various benefits undergraduates involved in Greek Life receive. For example, benefits in scholarship, leadership, service, friendship, etc. The basis of my project is to explain why the positive effects of Greek Life involvement as an undergrad outweigh the negative effects that are more often portrayed in the media and news. What is most important about this article and that will really help to advance my project is the amount of statistical evidence that is offers. It's easy for people to say that Greek Life has great benefits, but this article actually proves it. 



Tuesday, February 28, 2017

Literature Review #1


For this first Literature Review I am reviewing this book: The Influence of Fraternity and Sorority Involvement


Full Citation: 

Biddix, J. Patrick, Matney, Malinda M., and Norman, Eric M., eds. J-B ASHE Higher Education Report Series (AEHE) Ser. : The Influence of Fraternity and Sorority Involvement : A Critical Analysis of Research (1996-2013) (1). Somerset, US: Jossey-Bass, 2014. ProQuest ebrary. Web. 27 February 2017.

Summary: 

This monograph explains that despite negative connotations and empirical evidence to support detrimental aspects of fraternity and sorority membership, decades of nationally representative data show students remain interested in joining. The information provided reconsiders the value of membership, based on scholarly research published since 1996 in several ways. It identifies behavioral, psychological and educational outcomes of fraternity/sorority involvement. Shows differentiating outcomes between and among organization. Additionally, it recommends implications for policy and practice based on research. The findings revealed an unexpected amount of scholarly research interest on fraternity and sorority involvement, and membership correlates in the last two decades from a variety of disciplines.  Most importantly, despite a disproportionate focus on behavioral correlates, such as alcohol use, hazing and sexual assault, researchers in the past decade have slowly added psychosocial and educational considerations, building toward a more well-rounded understanding of outcomes related to involvement in Greek Life. 

Authors: 

J. Patrick Biddix, PhD, is an associate professor of Higher Education and coordinator of the College Student Personnel Program at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville.
Malinda M, Matney, PhD, is a senior research associate for Student Life and lecturer in the Center for the Study of Higher and Postsecondary Education at the University of Michigan.
Eric M. Norman, EdD, is the dean of students at Indiana University–Purdue University Fort Wayne and a limited-term lecturer in the College of Engineering, where he teaches organizational leadership development.
Geogianna L. Martin, PhD, is an assistant professor of Higher Education and Student Affairs Administration at the University of Southern Mississippi.
Key Terms: 
1. The first key topic I will focus on from this resource is the chapter on the educational effects Greek Life has on undergrad students. This chapter discusses that involvement in Greek Life makes students more likely to stay in school and graduate as opposed to the nonaffiliated students. 
2. The second key topic I will discuss from this resource is the chapter on the psychosocial effects that Greek Life involvement has on undergraduate women. 
Quotes:
"Other research about fraternity and sorority leaders suggests high scores, particularly among women, on a broad domains of leadership as evidenced by the Student Leadership Inventory" (80). 
"As members attended more functions, their sense of belonging grew, but with no change on morale. The more an individual went out socially with other members, the greater her feelings of both morale and belonging" (93). 
"Consistently, membership in a fraternity or a sorority has been found to be positively associated with college persistence. For example, fraternity/sorority membership increased the odds of college graduation by 370% compared to nonaffiliated students" (106).  
Value: 
This resource is valuable in several different ways regarding my research question. First off all, it shows evidence about positive educational effects from involvement in Greek Life, which is one of the most controversial issues regarding Greek Life involvement. It explains how women who are involvement in Greek Life are more likely to become better leaders. Additionally, it examines psychosocial effects Greek Life involvement has. For example, women involved feel higher morale and sense of belonging, which in its-self has a multitude of positive side effects. Aside of being in conversation with the controversy my research question takes on, this resource also adds to my argument. 

Friday, February 24, 2017

Research Blog #3 - Three Academic Sources

After some thinking about my project, I decided to go ahead with my second idea about the benefits and the positive side that comes along with being involved in Greek Life in college. The reason I decided to go with his topic is because it is a little more controversial than my other topic idea. There are many different voices and opinions when it comes to this topic, which in my opinion will make for a more interesting paper. I have looked into the Rutgers Libraries databases for information regarding the topic and there is a lot of available. So far here is what i've found. 

Academic Sources: 

1. UNCHALLENGED, PROFESSED CORE VALUES: Do Undergraduate Fraternity/Sorority Members Actually Benefit in the Areas of Scholarship, Leadership, Service, and Friendship?

This source has been very helpful to me thus far. Overall goes along with the idea I am trying to prove in my project. Rather than focusing on partying and drinking, this source investigates the other side of Greek Life. It explains how women are empowered to take on leadership roles, get involved in philanthropic activities, and additionally how it even raises self-esteem. 

2. USING COST-BENEFIT ANALYSIS FOR FRATERNITY AND SORORITY AFFAIRS ASSESSMENT: CREATING A BUSINESS CASE FOR STUDENT SUCCESS IN FRATERNAL ORGANIZATIONS.

This source is another source that seems like it will be very useful to my project. This source has a very clear-cut tone. It clearly shows how students involved in Greek Life organizations can use it in a way to create success for themselves in the future in regards to internships and career.

3. STUDENT LEARNING IN FRATERNITIES AND SORORITIES: USING NSSE DATA TO DESCRIBE MEMBERS' PARTICIPATION IN EDUCATIONALLY MEANINGFUL ACTIVITIES IN COLLEGE.

This source concentrates on the idea that being involved in Greek Life can actually help students succeed in school. Not only does Greek Life get students to study more at times, but it motivates students to actually care more about their work and that of others. 

Tuesday, February 14, 2017

Research Blog #2 - Scouting the Territory

After doing some research on my two topic ideas I feel that I am leaning towards the topic of having a part-time job in college. Although I am still not positive which topic I am going with, the reason I feel as though I am leaning towards one more than the other is the amount of research available. There seems to be a lot more about part-time work and the effects of having one in college than the benefits of being involved in Greek Life on campus. I can relate to both topics, and both are very interesting to me, it's just a matter of which one will make for a better paper. 

I did a search on the Rutgers Libraries and I found a lot of great articles pertaining to the part-time work topic. There are many different studies that have been done on students about the effects of having a part-time job in college. In addition to the research online, I think I can make some interesting connections to some of the readings we have done already in class. 

Based on what's available online I feel like I can make a good connection between part-time work and student debt. 

As for specific sources I have gathered a list of several scholarly articles I can use to make arguments in my paper. There are a lot of resources on the Rutgers Libraries Databases. 

I came across a few controversial articles related to my topic. Some articles argue that having a part-time job in college can be beneficial, but I would like to argue that having to work in college takes away from the overall college experience.