For this first Literature Review I am reviewing this book: The Influence of Fraternity and Sorority Involvement
Biddix, J. Patrick, Matney, Malinda M., and Norman, Eric M., eds. J-B ASHE Higher Education Report Series (AEHE) Ser. : The Influence of Fraternity and Sorority Involvement : A Critical Analysis of Research (1996-2013) (1). Somerset, US: Jossey-Bass, 2014. ProQuest ebrary. Web. 27 February 2017.
This monograph explains that despite negative connotations and empirical evidence to support detrimental aspects of fraternity and sorority membership, decades of nationally representative data show students remain interested in joining. The information provided reconsiders the value of membership, based on scholarly research published since 1996 in several ways. It identifies behavioral, psychological and educational outcomes of fraternity/sorority involvement. Shows differentiating outcomes between and among organization. Additionally, it recommends implications for policy and practice based on research. The findings revealed an unexpected amount of scholarly research interest on fraternity and sorority involvement, and membership correlates in the last two decades from a variety of disciplines. Most importantly, despite a disproportionate focus on behavioral correlates, such as alcohol use, hazing and sexual assault, researchers in the past decade have slowly added psychosocial and educational considerations, building toward a more well-rounded understanding of outcomes related to involvement in Greek Life.
J. Patrick Biddix, PhD, is an associate professor of Higher Education and coordinator of the College Student Personnel Program at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville.
Malinda M, Matney, PhD, is a senior research associate for Student Life and lecturer in the Center for the Study of Higher and Postsecondary Education at the University of Michigan.
Eric M. Norman, EdD, is the dean of students at Indiana University–Purdue University Fort Wayne and a limited-term lecturer in the College of Engineering, where he teaches organizational leadership development.
Geogianna L. Martin, PhD, is an assistant professor of Higher Education and Student Affairs Administration at the University of Southern Mississippi.
1. The first key topic I will focus on from this resource is the chapter on the educational effects Greek Life has on undergrad students. This chapter discusses that involvement in Greek Life makes students more likely to stay in school and graduate as opposed to the nonaffiliated students.
2. The second key topic I will discuss from this resource is the chapter on the psychosocial effects that Greek Life involvement has on undergraduate women.
"Other research about fraternity and sorority leaders suggests high scores, particularly among women, on a broad domains of leadership as evidenced by the Student Leadership Inventory" (80).
"As members attended more functions, their sense of belonging grew, but with no change on morale. The more an individual went out socially with other members, the greater her feelings of both morale and belonging" (93).
"Consistently, membership in a fraternity or a sorority has been found to be positively associated with college persistence. For example, fraternity/sorority membership increased the odds of college graduation by 370% compared to nonaffiliated students" (106).
This resource is valuable in several different ways regarding my research question. First off all, it shows evidence about positive educational effects from involvement in Greek Life, which is one of the most controversial issues regarding Greek Life involvement. It explains how women who are involvement in Greek Life are more likely to become better leaders. Additionally, it examines psychosocial effects Greek Life involvement has. For example, women involved feel higher morale and sense of belonging, which in its-self has a multitude of positive side effects. Aside of being in conversation with the controversy my research question takes on, this resource also adds to my argument.